Blisters; Footwear that pinches you will give you blisters. Your shoes should not be loose either, as constant rubbing can also give rise to blisters. Till the blister has dried, do not wear the same shoes. Use a good talcum powder and keep it dry and covered when you are going out, but otherwise air it properly. Use an antiseptic cream over it. Do not tamper with the blister yourself. If it has burst on its own, well and good. But do not try to puncture it yourself, as you can infect your skin with anything you might use for the purpose.
Corns; One is threatened by corns at places where one gets blisters. If the same defective shoe is being worn repeatedly you will develop corns. Make sure you change your footwear frequently. Normally, the chiropodist is the person trained to give you relief from corns. But never trust just a pedicurist to do the job for you. The best thing is to leave them alone, and scrub them hard with a pumice-stone, and massage thereafter. Usually, the corns on the sole of the feet are painful and give trouble. If this happens, consult your doctor. Never be tempted to remove the corn by attempting to cut it with a pair of scissors.
Cracked Nails; this often happens as a result of neglecting your toe-nails and, of course, if you do not keep good health. So make sure your diet contains plenty of vitamins. Use a richly nourishing skin cream to massage your toe-nails regularly. Make sure the nail-varnish remover and the nail –varnish that you use in not drying. Otherwise, change the brand and try a new one.
Sweaty Toes; These can pose a lot of problems. If you wear shoes, they always tend to get loose and acquire a peculiar odour. Wash your feet with cold water often, and use a skin astringent on the soles of your feet. Spray a little talcum powder on them before wearing closed shoes. Avoid wearing closed shoes altogether, if possible. Use a strong eau-de-Cologne on the toes, as this acts as an anti-perspirant, and kills odour too. Use cotton or woollen socks, but never nylon ones.
Odour; Wash frequently with soap and hot water. Use a good perfume after washing, specially in between the toes. Use a little talcum powder before wearing footwear. Avoid closed shoes. Do not wear the same shoe every day; the one you do wear should be aired and dried in the sun before you wear it again. If you have to wear socks, then select either cotton or woollen ones, avoid nylon socks altogether.
Enlarged Veins; this usually comes about where one has to stand a lot, and sometimes because of wearing very high heels. Give yourself a little rest during the day by taking off your shoes or sandals and resting your toes higher than the level of your head. If you can lie down during the day in this position for 15 minutes, it will be very useful and effective. Do not wear very light shoes. Also make sure that the garters on your nylon stockings are not tight.
Cracked Heels; this is a very common complaint Lack of moisture and oil can bring about such a condition. You can prevent it by using glycerine and oil to massage your feet once a week. For everyday use, a good moisturizer should be enough. After all, with some variation, it is the same skin we have all over our body. So you can be sure that the skin on your heels will also respond to general body lotions.
Rough Skin; to soften this skin, soaks your feet in hot water frequently, and scrubs them properly. After that, apply a lanolin based cream all over. Wipe off, and use a body lotion to keep the skin moist.
Tanned Toes; When one walks around a lot in the sun, the feet can a quire a lot of tan. So good bleach can help you get rid of it. Also, do not expose your feet too much to the sun, and you will find that it gradually wears off.
Swollen Feet;- This happens if one is not used to standing or sitting for too long, with feet hanging down and rather tight shoes. So the best thing to do is to wash your feet with soap and hot water and apply eau-de-Cologne on them. After that, lie down with feet higher than your head, and avoid sitting with your legs hanging down. Keep your legs up in the air along the wall for at least five minutes, and come to your normal position. Then, after 15 minutes, try putting your legs up again, the same way, and so on; you will soon find the swelling come down. Your feet will get normal or their own accord and a good night’s sleep will restore life and vigour into them.
Bunions; these are changes that take place in the bones, because of certain pressure of the shoes on the toes. Your posture might also have something to do with it. It is difficult to get rid of bunions, so it is best to prevent such a condition from developing. You should always go in for comfort rather than style when you are buying shoes for everyday use. For parties you can try out footwear that you like and that is in vogue.
Fungus Infection; Feet are more prone to such infections, because the fungus thrives in a moist and airless atmosphere, where the sun does not reach. Sometimes, people working have to remain too long in their shoes, and this can give rise to such infection. So switch over to open shoes or sandals, without socks. Use any anti-fungus cream, specially between the toes, which is the breeding place for infection. In this condition, the skin will look raw and lifeless, and itching can be quit irritating. So whenever possible, expose your feet to fresh air and sun. Do not use very strong ointments as the skin is so tender already, and a strong preparation can only cause further complications. Eau- de- Cologne and a good antiseptic talcum powder are the best medicines. Sometimes the infection can invade your nails, as it gets under them and quietly works its way to the roots to damage it. The growth of the nail is thus hampered, or gets distorted, and the nail looks thick, uneven and stained. So clean the nails on the underside with rectified spirit, and do not use any nail- varnish for some time, so that you can keep a watch on their progress. Cut the nail as short as possible, so that the rectified spirit reaches the farthest end of infected area. However, care should be taken that no pin is experienced while cutting and cleaning the nails. Slowly, you will see the nail returning to its normal colour and texture, and start growing properly. That is why it is most essential to remove nail –varnish frequently, so that you are always able to see for yourself if any infection is on its way.